Tuesday, February 12, 2019
The Theory of Relativity Essay -- physics science relativity
Since the old age of Newton, the ideas of classical mechanics prevailed in the scientific community. The ideas of commanding fastness and absolute time were accepted phenomenon and were not at all challenged. However, as the ordinal century drew to a close, new observations were being made, observations which contradicted the current opening of the time.For instance, throughout the nineteenth century, it was correctly believed that light was a wave. If light were a wave like all other waves, it must have a medium through which to propagate through. This medium was called the aether, a substance which was over throughout the universe. If this hypothesis were true one would be able to channelise the velocity of the Earth through the ether. Many experiments were conducted to determine this velocity the closely famous one being the Michelson-Morley experiment. The results of this experiment were inconclusive. The experiment relied on the situation that the travel of light throu gh the ether wind (the speed of the ether as the travels through musculus quadriceps femoris) would change according to Galilean transformations (explained in more than detail afterward). Thus the speed of light as it traveled against the armorial bearing of the ether should have been the normal speed of light subtracted from the speed of the ether. The speed of light was found to have no change, thus it was concluded that it would be impossible to determine the speed of the Earth through the ether.However, Einstein later introduced a theory which would account for the unexpected results of the Michelson-Morley experiment and in incident contradict the ether theory all to recoverher. The Special Theory of relativity would then continue to revolutionize the way we thought about space and time.Specia... ...cal situation. Lets say we have a system like the one on the right. A stationary observer in the S put observes an exit in the S prime frame. The S prime frame is paltry wi th a velocity v relative to the S frame. Therefore if we had the coordinates of an force in the S frame, we could find out the corresponding coordinates in the S prime frame. The y and z coordinates would translate directly to the other frame, scarce the time on the axis on which the S prime frame is moving would need be transformed. All that would need to be through is to plug in the S frame x coordinate and the velocity of the S prime frame with the time into the first equation to get the x prime coordinate, and the same to find the time in the S prime frame. To find the coordinates in the S of an event in the S prime frame, simply replace the primed terms with the unprimed terms and vise versa.