Sunday, January 6, 2019

AIDS in the World

assist is the fasting becoming and the worst humane affection disaster the world has ever seen. It is invite that in the next ten to cardinal years, aid provide claim more lives than any other epidemic. As a matter of fact, e real year and a half, it claims more human lives than the Holocaust. Nothing pile be compared to the drag that acquired immune deficiency syndrome has hitd to human life. on that point is just no human despicable and devastation as worst as it is. In the year 2002, there mictu prescribe already been 28 million preserve deaths due to AIDS and that is only the pathetic kickoff. The joined Nations Security Council has labeled AIDS as a global credentials threat.According to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, terrorism is non the some serious problem confront by the world today, but the AIDS epidemic. It is more than anything else destabilizing the entire planet (Hunter 2003).Hi account statement of AIDSThe Acquired tolerant Deficiency Syndrome or gener everyy cognize as AIDS was eldest observe in 1981. When it was first observed, it gained little oversight as an infectious unsoundness among experts. Accordingly, the first report was by Dr. Michael Gottlieb from the University of California Los Angeles. It was zipper from the AIDS that we know today. He depict it as a rare machinate of pneumonia among homophile(prenominal) work force.At the same magazine, there were similarly other reports referring to the same disease express it was a rare kind of malignant neoplastic disease (Conner et al 2007). Furthermore, the most mainstream typesetters case would be what happened in the Centers for Disease wangle and saloon where they publish an article entitled unwholesomeness and Mortality Weekly Report.In this article, experts expound the case reports of five young men at three different hospitals in Los Angeles. All five of them were sexually agile and gay. Also, all five of them are crucifixion from a lung diseas e.Furthermore, there were also case reports on 26 young tribadistic men from New York and California that were diagnosed with Kaposi Sarcoma that was on the extreme level accompanied with scratch up and mucous membrane lesion.It is observed that most of the victims were paederastic men so scientists asked what practices the homosexual community is engaged in that make them contract the disease. They postulate that a medicate foreseeed amyl nitrate used by homosexuals to enlarge sexual pleasure may be the culprit.There is also a theory that there are certain organisms in the homosexual body that caused the disease. By 1983, aside from the fall in States, there were already 16 countries that report AIDS cases alongside more than curtilage Ameri drops that were positively diagnosed (Weeks and Alcamo 2006).This situation is often compared to that of the story of the six blind men and the elephants that is familiar to all of us as children. The elephant was the disease and the si x blind men were the scientists and doctors that were make do with its emergence.They still do not take a shit a clear idea what AIDS is, so they were treating the epidemic piecemeal. What physicians observed was that longanimouss immune system was literally suppressed but they do not stomach any idea it was the very cause of the disease. Before 1984, the situation worsened.There were no clear definition for AIDS, no trial run available to affirm the diagnosis, and certainly no cure was in sight (Weeks and Alcamo 2006).Despite the pessimisms among the people, interrogati aners were beginning to unravel the mysteries of the disease that soon they call AIDS. The observed symptoms were then later on labeled as AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome mainly because the symptoms were unvarying with damage to the immune system among rosy people.Furthermore, it was also learned that the disease was not congenital nor was it inherited but acquired from an transmitting of a comp uter virus. As of the present, the disease has experience a prominent fixture in everyday language as its common name AIDS (Conner et al 2007).Basic research on AIDS was primarily do in the United States by cardinal of the leading governmental institutions the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the National Institute of Health (NIH). There were also studies conducted in Western europium by Pasteur Institute.The Pasteur Institute was famous for their strength in virology because it started out as mettle to combat rabies, the most horrible of all viral diseases. Prior to this, scientists in this get has also done other viral discoveries such as that of Constantin Levadati who ascertained the acute anterior poliomyelitis virus, Amedee Morrel who studied animal onco-viruses, and Felix dHerelle who discovered bacteriophage.They are part of the team who had will soon develop the field of molecular biology and soon understand the biologic strategy of the AIDS virus (Grmek et al 1993).The Pasteur virologists first encountered AIDS during a dispute about the Institutes toil of hepatitis-B vaccine. The process required a great amount of human plasm. In 1981, they purchased near 2, 500 liters of plasma from the United States crosscurrent banks.A third of these were mixed to European plasma in order for them to prepare vaccine. When the ware was tested to the chimpanzees, one of them developed hepatitis, and some other died out of arbovirus infection (Grmek et al 1993).In September 1982, Jacques Leibowitch, a physician working(a) at the Raymond Poincare Hospital in capital of France had been convinced that AIDS is caused by an foreign virus of African origin that touched T4-cells familial by blood.The description of the virus was similar to that of HTLV retrovirus. He gave a seminar at Cochin hospital and informed the cut task force about it. The French Task Force was pretty some(prenominal) convinced that the retrovirus might be the probable cause of AIDS. They were also persuaded that it could be transmitted through blood (Grmek et al 1993).Other scientists deliberate the agent came from a virus that causes African swine fever since the same virus can result to immune suppression of pigs. Others believed that it was cause by a slow virus, one that is multiplying at an extreme low rate that it only affects and manifests itself in the body afterwards a fewer years.Another group believes that the agent is a vital escapee from a contagious engineering laboratory. There was also system that says that it came from a failed biological war against Cuba (Grmek et al 1993).In the United States, the group of Robert C. Gallo identified a virus in the blood of 48 patients with virus. They named the virus HTVL-III. They have published their whole kit on the Science. In a few months that followed, there has already been a disceptation between the American and French experts each claiming that they were the first one who isolated t he virus.They contested that they should be one wholl receive worldwide awards, research grants, and millions and billions of dollar patent rights. Until, they have settled after some time that the virus that they have been examining were of the same type. The United States for its part have a

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