Sunday, March 3, 2019
Effect of Parenting Styles and Culture on Children Essay
A newborn tiddler is like a blank paper, whatever you write on it or whatever he sees and learns in his youth ordain reflect in his personality. How a pincer interacts with his surrounding and environment in the future is greatly expectent upon the parenting sort. Darling and Steinberg define parenting sort as a shape of steads toward the churl that are communicated to the pip-squeak and create an emotional climate in which the parents behaviors are expressed (Paul et.al, 2009, p.280). Parenting behavior is the primary broker in devising electric razors personality and attitude towards his environment. It is real of the essence(predicate) that parents create productive and caring atmosphere for a kidskin. This go forth accommodate his overall personality and behavior.Cultural background, religion, and environment are transformnative factors that are equally important in affecting the minor in the long run. M both parents face ethnical and religious limitations and forced to stick with or lowtake certain parenting style that is common to their refinement and country. Today, such(prenominal) views are changing, and parents are more forgeting and open minded towards their childs brought up. They want to give him the high hat, may it be determine, education or environment. Socioeconomic factor does study an effect on a childs personality, but parenting style is the main driving force shadower any childs attitude and behavior. DiscussionDimensions to Parenting Different views and opinions cost in divers(prenominal) countries, on which parenting style is best for building pellucid personalities. People belong to different countries comport their own beliefs and preferences that again dep annul upon their pagan background. To remove confusion about which parenting style is the best, psychologist Diana Baumrind studys that parenting styles consist of future(a) key dimensions (Janette, 2009).Disciplinary strategies Disciplinary st rategies entail different fibres of disciplinary methods and rules. Parents detect this strategy to make children obey instructions in their daily routine. It cigaret be related to their daily task like eating and dormancy habits or education.Warmth and nurturance All emotions and feelings of love and care come down the stairs this dimension that will help them through their tough eons. It is very(prenominal)(prenominal) important that we illuminate them by giving confidence and attention. Punishing is not the radical, or else it makes them more rebellious. It is always better to inform so that next time they stand more responsibly.Communication How we communicate with them is very important as that will have a deep impact on their figureing, attitude and brotherly skills. Some parents feel that they do not need to explain things and their orders need to be followed without any excuse. Others believe in reasoning and exposition which is definitely a better approach than pointing out a childs mistakes in a harsh manner. Parents, who are willing to go down to a childs level of communication to make him study, have better relationships with them in the long run.Expectations of maturity and wangle Parents convey a certain level of maturity and expect the child to behave in a positive manner under unusual circumstances. For instance, roughly parents expect children to display best manners and follow instructions in public places. Putting them under stress and pressure from every upstart age further aggravates things. The child is unable to understand and accept things in a difficult situation. After identifying the in a higher place mentioned important aspects of parents behavior, Diana Baumrind concluded that parents fall into parenting styles when analyzed on the basis of above mentioned dimensions (Janette, 2009).Parenting styles in general Baumrind came up with three basic parenting styles, however, with passing time and grapple over th e issue, a fourth parenting style was also identified by Maccoby and Martin (Kim, 2008). Currently on that point are four parenting styles in total. They are considered to be universal and common to parents all over the world regardless of their cultural background or country.Authoritarian Parenting As the name suggests, parents falling under this category want children to follow their instructions without questioning. They believe that the only solution to discipline the child is punishing them so that they remain scared and never repeat the same mistake. The child apparently follows the order but fails to understand the reason therefore, acceptance level is naturally low.(Parentingstyles.org, 2012) Authoritative Parenting Parents belonging to this type are strict about rules and disciplinary issues as well as open to childrens issue and questions. They are willing to listen and understand if any problem exists. They want to explain why they are pass judgment to act in a positive manner and how will it receipts them in the long run. As a result, there is maximum control and high acceptance.permissive Parenting Such parents are passive and ignorant toward childrens attitude. They are too lenient and flexible. They do not set any rules or limitations and are more responsive towards their needs. Expectations and demands are very low, and the child is allowed to do most of the things without any checks and control. Such parents want to build couthy relationship with the child but avoid confronting him if whatever(prenominal)thing goes wrong. They are passive and believe that the child will learn on trial and error basis. uncaring ParentingUninvolved parents believe that their job is limited to fulfilling the childs basic needs and demands. They have no interest in the childs life and activities as such. Children of such parents are on their own. In some situations, parents coming under this category may even ignore and ignore their basic duties toward the child. Both acceptance level and control is at the low level in this parenting style.Parenting Styles in Different Cultures Analysis of different books and data regarding which parenting style is suitable in a separateicular culture shows that some parenting styles are not universal and may have different effects on different cultures. Authoritative parenting style is considered to be the best practice during a childs upbringing. Even this faultless style has varied levels of positive effects when applied in different countries and cultures. Steinberg suggests that there are few basic similarities between African-American parents and Asian-American parents due to their socioeconomic set and situation.Both are conservative and protective towards their children, therefore, mostly end up undertaking authoritarian parenting behavior that does help in improving their education and academics but fail in saving children from indulging in disturbing activities and deviating attitude. In general, it has not proved very effective for an overall positive upbringing. In depth analysis of Steinberg seek shows that authoritative style has an overall positive effect especially if we talk about the childs personality development and attitude. In contrast to Asian-American and African-American parents, European and American parents mostly undertake an authoritative parenting style supported by their cultural background and living style.Even some of the American families belonging to the Catholic group follow authoritarian parenting style so that the child conforms to expected manners and behaviors without questioning them. (Masumoto and Juang, 2012) Chinese culture is also very conservative and strict when it comes to children as explained by Ruth Chao (Matsumoto and Juang, 2012). They believe in a terminology chiao shun which means maintaining control and strictness in training. Parents strict attitude towards children is normal in Nipponese culture.The child must obe y the rules or he may have to face punishment or penalty of some kind. Many people belonging to the Asian culture share similar beliefs. Authoritarian parenting style does have some positive effects on Chinese and Asian children in relation to academic achievement and mannerism. This style is compatible with their cultural beliefs and is easier to follow. North American culture supports both authoritarian parenting and authoritative parenting to some extent. Their emphasis is on raising children with strong personality traits and characteristics who know their family values and culture.Effects of Parenting Styles in young age and later Baumrind conducted a look study on 100 preschoolers. It clearly showed the early years of a child are very authoritative for his positive upbringing and nurturing. personality development starts from a very young age, and it depends on parents how they transfer and imprint values and positive traits in them through supporting their emotional, phy sical and interpersonal skills. Things learned at this stage experience a permanent part of their personality and cannot be undone in most of the cases.According to research by Maccoby and Baumrind, authoritative parenting style resulted in children that were happy and successful in their academics and practical life while authoritarian style produced children that were obedient and undecided but weak emotionally. They lacked a genius of happiness and confidence during social interaction and in relationships. Unengaged parenting style resulted in children with the lowest order on all scales, may it be success, emotion, happiness or relationships. Permissive parents children were also observed very closely.They showed problems in discipline and confidence levels. Parenting style used in adolescence and early stages of a childs life has lasting effects and make them who they are as an adult. How they manage relationships, work, family, problems are to a large extent dependent upon how they were raised. emotionally healthy children might not be as successful, but will always be more happy and content with what they have. They will have enough capability to achieve what he wants from life.Conclusion It is apparent from the above mentioned data analysis and researches that parenting styles have a lot to do with childs personality and development. How parents deal with them at an adolescent age, is very crucial for positive development as a person. Emotional and social values are more important and need to be instilled in the very beginning of a childs development. They will naturally support other traits and abilities that need to be developed later on in life.The relationship between a child and their parents is a global phenomenon. social limitation must not hinder the upbringing and development, if it is for good and cash advance of their future. Parenting styles in different cultures do need more research and analysis. This will develop better understandi ng of which type of parenting is best. Parents can always alter certain parenting style in terms of the four dimensions as and when required. Parents should become a role model for their child through demonstrating positive values. micturate them love, respect so they learn to do the same towards others. Developing sense of trust in children towards parents is extremely important and effective in building a strong bond.